Status Of Women In India

Status of Women in India:

India has given equal status to women. Women in India enjoy right to equality.

Constitutional Safeguards:

Indian Constitution under Art.14 provides that “ The state shall not deny to any person before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India”. The above provision clearly shows that women in India enjoy right to equality and any discrimination against them shall be violation of equality of right and respect for human dignity. The Indian Constitution also provides under Art.15 that every female citizen has a right to access to shops, public restaurants, hotels and places of public entertainment and no restriction can be imposed on female citizens with regard to the use of wells, tanks, bathing ghats, roads and places of public resort maintained wholly or partly by state funds. Art.16 of the constitution provides that there shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens (including women) in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the state.

In order to improve the status of women further the constitution provides under art.15 (3) that state may make special provisions for women. Consequently, a number of legal provisions aimed at securing equal status for and removing discrimination against women have been made. For instance, the constitution was amended in 1992 to reserve 33 percent of the seats in their favour in panchayats and municipalities. The amendment is regarded as a major step for socio economic empowerment of the women in India. The constitution has also cast the duty on every citizen to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.

India and International Convention:

India has ratified the convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women on July 9 1993. Ratification of the convention obliges India to honour the obligations imposed by the convention, which include adapting various measures to uphold human rights with regard to women.


The activities of desire, thoughts and expectation at the level of self, are collectively called as imagination.

Imagination = Desires Thoughts Expectations

We all imagine, and most of our activities (in the self) today can be mostly clubbed into imagination. This activity of imagination in ‘I’ is continuous and not temporary. The power may change but the activity is continuous. The object of the taste may change but the activity of selecting/tasting is continuous. Also what
we analyze may keep changing the activity of analyzing is continuous. We make choices with the external world based on our imagination today.


Right Utilization of the Body:

Normally we tend to believe that the body is an instrument for sensory enjoyment, which is not correct. We also happen to our body to exploit other human beings or rest of the nature, which is also not right utilization. Body is the instrument of the self and the body needs to be given nutrition, protection and utilized to work as an efficient and effective tool for the right purpose. This utilization is termed as right utilization. In other words, employing our body as an instrument for sensory enjoyment, and to exploit other human beings or rest of the nature is not the right utilization. On the contrary utilizing our body for right behaviour and work is actually the right utilization of the body.