# Method Of Finding Eigenvalues And Eigenvectors

__ Method of Finding Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors:__ Let A be an n × n matrix:

**1**. To find the eigen value of A solve the characteristics equations

This is a polynomial equation in λ of degree n. We only consider real roots of this equations, in the class.

**2**. Given an eigenvalue λi to find the eigenspace E(λi) corresponding to λi, we solve the linear system

As usual to solve this we reduce it to the row echelon form or Gauss-Jordan form. Since λi is an eigenvalue, at least one row of the echelon form will be zero.

**Example:** Let

**1.** Verify that λ_{1} = 5 is a eigenvalue of A and X_{1} = (1,2,-1)^{T} is a corresponding eigenvector.

**Solution:** We need to check AX_{1} = 5X_{1}, we have

So assertion is verified.

**2.** Verify that λ_{2} = - 3 is a eigenvalue of A and x_{2} = (-2,1,0)^{T} is corresponding eigenvector.

**Solution:** We need to check AX_{2} = - 3X_{2}, we have