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Maths for Engineers - 3

# Taylor Series

**Taylor Series:**

If function f (z) is analytic at all points inside a circle c, with its centre at the point a and radius R, then at each point z inside c,

**Proof:** Let f (z) be analytic function within and on the circle circle c of radius r centered at a so that

Draw another circle : |z−a| = ρ, where ρ < r Hence by Cauchy’s integral formula, we have

But,

But, we have

which is called Taylor’s formula, Rn being the remainder.

which tends to zero as n tends to infinity since ρ/r < 1. Thus